Be Prepared

Personal safety is an essential part of any adventure and should be a core part of trip planning. We recommend that you take a look at our pamphlets on cold-water paddling, PFDs, and essential gear. We also recommend that you be aware of your environment and do your best to minimize your impacts to it, including helping to stop the spread of invasive species.

Waterways are dynamic systems, and even the most detailed route descriptions cannot account for seasonal changes due to fluctuations in water level, downed trees, recent floods, geological disturbances, or storms and rainfall. Conditions are ever-changing. Be smart: plan for unexpected situations, and stay alert while on the water.

The American Canoe Association provides the following information to help you plan and carry out a fun paddle trip.

Pre-trip Planning

Know what you are paddling. River guidebooks and topographic maps are valuable references in trip planning. Plan alternate routes in case of winds, changing weather, or unexpected paddler limitations.

Plan each day’s itinerary. Set up locations for put-ins and takeouts along with possible lunch break stops. Consider time, distance, and the abilities of your group. Arrange for a shuttle.

Be prepared for anything. Make sure the equipment you take is appropriate to help you survive and rescue yourself, since once you are on the water, it will be all that you have. Refer to the Paddler’s Checklist below.

File a float plan with someone who will notify others if you don’t return on time. This is especially important in the Northern Forest, where cell phone coverage is spotty, so you cannot rely on being able to phone for help.

Clarify participant responsibilities with paddlers before getting

on the water. Unless you are instructing or commercially guiding the group, your trip is likely a “common adventure” trip format in which each participant takes responsibility for the decision to participate, the selection of appropriate equipment, and the decision to run, scout, or portage rapids. More experienced paddlers should assist those with less experience in making proper decisions on the trip.

Don’t overreach. Paddle within both your own and your group’s limits.

Aquatic Invasives

Clean, Drain, Dry. (Watch our video)

Aquatic Invasives threaten the evolved integrity of our waters as well as the quality of our recreational experience. Play your part in preventing their spread. Follow these guidelines any time you transition from one water body to another ensure you are not the carrier for these aquatic pests.


Remove mud, plants, fish, and organisms from your boat. Dispose of them in a proper container or on dry land.

  • Clean the inside and outside of your boat.
  • Clean your paddles and any other gear, including your shoes, if they have come in contact with the water.
  • If a hose is available for use before heading into the next water body, hose your boat and gear down to help be assured they are properly cleaned.


Drain all water from hatches, boat wells, bags, bailers, and containers while still at the river or lake you are leaving.

  • Avoid using sponges as bailers because it is hard to get all the water out of them between quick (same day) transitions.







Dry your boat and gear. Aquatic Invasives need moisture to survive. If you use a towel, stow it to be cleaned and dried later.

  • Quick dry towels can be very useful. Make sure that any towel you use to dry your boat and gear is completely dry before using it again on another water body.
  • If possible alternate two pair of shoes to give footwear time to dry when making quick (same day) transitions. Research available shoes and find types that allow for quick drainage and dry time.




Paddlers Checklist

This list was created by Katina Daanen, author of the Northern Forest Canoe Trail’s Through Paddler’s Companion.

Download Padddlers Checklist


Paddling is fun, and with the right information and equipment your trip will be everything you want it to be. A few safety tips can help make sure you enjoy your time on the water and come back in one piece. Here are some informative resources to help you prepare for your time on the water.


FarOut Guide App


USGS Current Water Data for the Nation


Mack Truax’s NFCT Downriver Paddle Plan


CBP ROAM App for Memphremagog Border Crossing


Please also visit our thru-paddlers section for additional info about trip planning.


Wear It! Life Jackets Matter by NFCT with Kokatat & the American Canoe Association


Cold Water Survival by NFCT with Kokatat & the American Canoe Association


Paddler’s Safety Checklist by NFCT with L.L. Bean & the American Canoe Association


Our friends at NRS have an excellent set of Gear Checklists for a variety of whitewater, flatwater, canoe, kayak, and fishing adventures.


We highly recommend viewing Preparing for and Surviving Cold Water , a slide show created by Paul Travis, Master Maine Guide.


The Leave No Trace Center for Outdoor Ethics has created seven principles for people to follow when recreating in the backcountry. The principles are intended to help people minimize their impacts on the natural world.


Reserved camping on the NFCT: